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Four Directional Great Emperors (四方大帝; Sì Fāng Dà Dì) were four Eternal Life Beings of the Ancient Heavenly Court, each of whom watches over one cardinal direction of the world.

Myth

The Four Heavenly Kings are four Buddhist gods, which originates from the Indian version of Lokapalas, each of whom watches over one cardinal direction of the world. In Chinese mythology, they are known collectively as the Fēng Tiáo Yǔ Shùn (simplified Chinese: 风调雨顺; traditional Chinese: 風調雨順; literally: Good climate) or Sì Dà Tiān Wáng (Chinese: 四大天王; literally: Four Great Heavenly Kings). In the ancient language Sanskrit they are called the "Chaturmahārāja" (चतुर्महाराज), or Chaturmahārājikādeva: Four Great Heavenly Kings. The Hall of the Heavenly Kings is a standard component of Chinese Buddhist temples.

Names

Title Northern Great Emperor Eastern Great Emperor Southern Great Emperor Western Great Emperor
Name Dongfang Pei
Direction North East South West
Season Winter Spring Autumn Summer
Element Ice Unknown Unknown Fire
Palace Hall of Winter Spring Pavilion of the East South Autumn Temple Summer Palace
Occupation Blacksmith

Trivia

Links and References

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